A LOANWORD is a word used directly from another language with little or no translation.Such foreign words or phrases are peppered throughout the English language.Some commonly used loanwords are:
Meaning : The defining spirit or mood of a particular period of history as shown by the ideas and beliefs of the time.
Etymology: used by Germans in the mid 19th century,to define a particular era
Imagine describing the 'Golden Age of Guptas' by calling it 'the spirit and mood of the Golden period of history when the Guptas ruled' ..would you even have the time to comprehend it? Certainly not.
So, English, our dear language helped us out by using an appropriate alternate term ZEITGEIST. Such a word acts like a boon to the reader's manifest. It is self-explanatory and makes the comprehending aspect quite immaculate to the reader. For instance, when you say ' The zeitgeist of the Guptas'..it is vividly comprehended and immaculately understood by the reader.
Another such word is CASH.
Meaning: coins or bills of monetary value -as used in vernacular English.
Origin: Indian ,Dravidian Tamil.
Etymology: derived from the Dravidian Tamil word 'kasu' which stands for coins.
Dravidians, also known as the FIRST INDIANS were the first set of people to enter and set in India. They have given birth to the Indian culture.Dravidians are considered the most superior caste in the World, falling under the sub-category of Deshastha Brahmins-the highest caste of Brahmins. There are about 124 words in common between Dravidian Tamil and Sanskrit. Dravidian Tamil words like 'kasu','ilchi'etc have been used by the then residing Englishmen in India, using them for cash and ginger respectively.
Imagine using the literal meaning of the term cash and saying " I am going to draw 'coins and bills of monetary value' from the bank." And now say "I am going to draw cash from the bank" . Which one sounds better? Obviously cash.
Thus, many loanwords borrowed from foreign languages make understanding clear and immaculate to the reader.